Technical quality control for ultra-low-dose imaging and quantitative evaluation of clinical dual energy imaging with energy-integrated detector computer tomography in comparison with clinical photon-counting detector computer tomographyDetails
Clinical computed tomography (CT) is a highly established diagnostic imaging tool in healthcare. Due to its high impact on medical diagnosis and therapy planning, the technology is evolving rapidly. ALARA (“As low as reasonably achievable”) in terms of radiation exposure for medical purposes with the primary intention to bring health benefits to the individual is one of the most important principles for acquiring medical images with radiation exposure. Hence, the optimization of image acquisition is an important part of clinical practice and is declared within the medical radiation protection regulation (§4 (1) MedSchV). In addition, the medical radiation regulation expels reference values for diagnostic CT imaging as a minimum requirement in clinical practice. However, due to new hardware technologies in computer tomography scanners as well as new acquisition and reconstruction techniques of imaging data the potential reduction of radiation exposure in medical CT imaging expands. Furthermore, especially with the availability of integrated photon counting detectors into clinical scanners, enhanced quantitative approaches lead to better tissue characterization and can add additional diagnostic information to raise the disease prognosis.
WORK FORce HEALTH & TOURISM: Sustainable strategies for the development of skilled workers in thermal and health destinations in Bavaria and Austria (BA0100029)Details
Thermal spa and health destinations in the Bavarian-Austrian program area as well as the entire health tourism industry are suffering massively from an enormous shortage of skilled workers. At least since the Covid-19 pandemic many specialists have left their companies, regions or even their industries ꟷ individual destinations can no longer solve these challenges on their own.
It is therefore important to join forces to counteract this exodus with sustainable strategies and measures in order to (re)gain urgently needed professionals and retain them within the companies in the long run, to improve current trainings and to continue education programs in line with demands, and to make the basic working and living conditions in the destinations more attractive.
aktiChron ꟷ „voll aktiv trotz chronischer Erkrankung“Details
Patients with chronic diseases require specific skills for managing their symptoms. Therefore, an education programme for chronically ill people will be developed at the University of Applied Sciences for Health Professionals Upper Austria. The programme will comprise six workshops, individual coaching sessions, and regular group meetings.
The programme will be implemented in a primary care centre. Experiences, effectiveness, and acceptance will be evaluated in a study.
EFAD Breakfast ToolkitDetails
The aim of the EFAD Breakfast Toolkit is the development of digitally supported nutritional strategies in breakfast to optimize the choice of food. The International Breakfast Research Initiative (IBRI) consortium developed evidence-based, nutrient-based recommendations. The goal of this project is to develop tools to translate the IBRI Breakfast Nutrient Recommendations into a convenient, digital profile for individuals.
Professional Identity Development in Austrian Physio-, Occupational and Speech and Language Therapists – a mixed method investigationDetails
Professional Identity (PI) has been defined as an ongoing transformative evolutionary process. PI is the adoption of specific beliefs, attributes and (ethical) values and experiences to become a member of a profession or the way individuals „think and act in line with the… group, … expressed by normative behaviour and loyalty”. Lacking clarity of PI can lead negatively to a professional’s attenuated perceived self-value, can weaken the profession itself and the confidence in performing her/his role. On the other hand, a well-developed concept of one’s PI can lead to enhanced professional confidence and a better exercise of the profession chosen.
Lifecare Assistance in Ried im InnkreisDetails
In Austria, as in many other countries, the older population continues to grow. Often elderly people prefer staying in their own homes for as long as they can, and only move into a nursing home at a later stage in their lives or only if need be. However, to respond to this important and understandable request for independence, family members and informal caregivers have to take on challenging responsibilities. Our project aims to support these individuals in home care for elderly people.
Enabling patient-centred and interprofessional communication along the patient journey ꟷ Focus on patientDetails
Strengthening the health literacy of the population and creating a sustainable health care system that is oriented towards the needs of patients are central building blocks for the improvement of the national health care system in Austria. In order to involve patients in the treatment process, a holistic approach to health care from prevention to therapy and aftercare is needed in addition to strengthening general health literacy. Furthermore, patient-centred care requires improved interdisciplinary collaboration between physicians, therapists, nurses and other medical professionals.
Der Einfluss materieller Deprivation und sozialer Ungleichheit auf Schwangerschaft und GeburtDetails
Differential analysis indicates that social inequality leads to health inequality and poverty is considered a co-founder in many health care settings. This project aims to present the impact of material deprivation on maternal and neonatal obstetric outcomes.
Effect of dynamic sitting on pain development in adult pain developers in sedentary environments – a randomized controlled cross-over trialDetails
Worksite based prolonged static sitting postures can cause musculoskeletal pain. While the development of pain increases due to the constant growth of digitalization at work, numerous interventions to reduce prolonged sitting periods have been created. The effects of such interventions have not yet been properly examined. Thus, the "DynSit-Pain" project was initiated to investigate the influence of dynamic sitting on the pain development of pain developers in office environments.
Technical implementation and feasibility of diagnostic MRI of the lungDetails
The diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) due to its complex pathologic mechanisms and similar clinical features is quite difficult to achieve. A possible approach to track local changes in lung tissue can be radiological imaging, commonly through high resolution computed tomography (HRCT). However, due to the complex character of ILDs, results from HRCT are limited because of the occurrence of similar radiological features and the lack of defining exposed tissue caused by inflammation.
Efficacy of an ergonomic handwriting pen – a monocenter randomised controlled counter-balanced trialDetails
Even though increasing digitalisation reduces handwriting activities, the intensive use of a handwriting tool can lead to problems in the hand or finger areas. Since these problems are often induced by too much pressure and excessive forces during the handwriting process, an ideal design shall help in reducing them. Such an innovative design will be investigated in a cooperative study with the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Transferred home birthsDetails
While the maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in clinical and home births were analysed in a wide variety of studies, the data on maternal and neonatal outcomes of births, which are needed to be transferred from a home-birth setting into a clinical setting is poorly prepared and severely limited. The analysis of outcome quality after transferred home births provides important information on the process quality of extramural obstetric care.
Influence of a therapy break in children of phonological delayed disorders at the age of 5 - 6 years (ETKA) - A randomized controlled trialDetails
Early detection of language development disorders and a timely delivery of appropriate measures derived therefrom can prevent the secondary consequences of language learning disorders. In particular, phonologically delayed disorders, can have an impact on the development of literacy and placing the child at risk for dyslexia. Due to the high demand for speech therapy, however, many children wait up to 4 months before therapy can be started.